MYOFUNCTIONAL THERAPY AS A METHOD OF PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF DENTOFACIAL DEFORMITIES
Dentofacial development depends on the actions of maxillofacial (MFA) muscles; these actions manifest both during breathing, swallowing, chewing, and in the physiological rest position of the lower jaw (LJ). Maintaining the myodynamic balance between antagonistic and synergistic muscles ensures the proper dentofacial development. Disturbance of the masticatory function as a result of impairment of the mentioned above balance causes abnormal tooth and jaw positions. As a consequence, the person acquires malocclusion, which is always an indicator of abnormal facial growth.
Bad habits may cause a whole range of MFA diseases, contribute to their progress; in addition, they inevitably lead to dental problems. Prevention and elimination of bad habits is an essential component for the formation of healthy and strong teeth and proper functioning of the jaws.
MAIN BAD HABITS:
I Sucking Habits:
1) thumb and finger sucking habit
2) habit of sucking and biting lips, cheeks, objects;
3) habit of sucking and biting the tongue.
II Abnormalities of function – impaired masticatory function:
1) Impaired masticatory function.
1.1. Improper swallowing and the habit of pressing the tongue against the teeth.
1.1.2. Improper artificial feeding.
2) Mouth breathing.
III Recorded postural reflexes that determine the wrong
position of body parts at rest:
1) Wrong position when sleeping.
2) Wrong position of the trunk.
A distinctive feature of all bad habits is their involuntariness; a person performs these actions “mechanically”. Another important detail is the absence of a universal tool to combat bad habits. And each of the acquired habits requires an individual approach to eliminate it. One further peculiarity is the lack of knowledge about the consequences of bad habits in people that permits bad habits to ingrain and cause harm. Combating them requires time input, physical and emotional costs both from the patient and from their family and near and dear ones. For this reason, the patient and family will need perseverance and patience to achieve the goal.
And this is what a face looks like, distorted by the habit of breathing through the mouth.
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SOFT FOOD IS A CAUSE OF FACIAL GROWTH IMPAIRMENT
Feeding your child exclusively with soft food, you do the whole family a disservice.
Trying supposedly for the common good, saving time and nerves, sparing the masticatory apparatus of your child, pandering to her or his capriciousness, you start vertical facial growth in the child, which harms their beauty.
But then it’s easier and faster, isn’t it?
We warn that soft food does not train the muscles and tissues that are necessary for horizontal growth of the face, but only helps the processes of face verticalization. The result of vertical growth (caused by soft food) most commonly are faces with a recessed chin.
By contrast, solid food is, in particular, an excellent training exerciser for the muscles of the masticatory system and the tongue. In addition, it increases the load on the organs of the digestive system. With increasing load on the organs of the digestive system, it becomes necessary to maintain the diaphragm muscles in perfect condition. Besides, the pharynx should now have a stronger muscle structure, too.
It is no good to downplay the role of the tongue in the process of food mastication. Its muscles should also be well trained, and the tongue itself should be in the correct position at the moments of rest, chewing, swallowing, and sleep.
PARENTS OFTEN ASK THE QUESTION: “WHAT IS THE REASON FOR TRAINING THE MUSCLES OF THE TONGUE?”. WE ANSWER:
In addition to the fact that the tongue is an active participant in the process of food mastication, it is rightfully called “the chief orthodontist”.
A strong tongue serves as a kind of framework for the dental arch. Exerting uniform pressure from the inside, it prevents the movement of the teeth in a horizontal plane.
Moreover, the tongue constantly exerts pressure on the palatine suture, maintaining the outcome of orthodontic treatment (sufficient palatal expansion, correct occlusion, and even dental arch). Expanding the palate with its pressure, the tongue creates favourable conditions for the formation of a beautiful and correct dental arch and the correct jaw position. On the other hand, a weak tongue is not able to perform all the functions charged to it by nature. And this “tongue impotence” negatively affects the appearance of our children.
ASK YOUR CHILD RIGHT NOW WHERE THEIR TONGUE IS. AND IF THIS ANSWER DOES NOT COINCIDE WITH THE ANSWER "UP, TIGHTLY PRESSED TO THE ROOF OF MY MOUTH", IT IS NECESSARY TO ACT WITHOUT DELAY, BECAUSE THE PROCESS OF VERTICALIZATION OF YOUR CHILD'S FACE HAS ALREADY STARTED.
WE ARE OFTEN ASKED:
1) WHAT IS THE RIGHT WAY TO HOLD THE TONGUE?
2) WHAT IS THE RIGHT WAY OF SWALLOWING?
3) WHAT IS THE RIGHT WAY OF CHEWING?
4) HOW TO LEARN TO LIVE WITH THE MOUTH CLOSED?
5) WILL MULTIFUNCTIONAL THERAPY HELP TO AVOID SURGERY TO REMOVE ADENOIDS?
6) WHAT ARE THE REASONS FOR ABNORMAL GROWTH OF MY CHILD’S FACE?
We not only respond to these and other issues your concern, but also engrain good habits during our course of myofunctional therapy.
A COURSE OF MYOFUNCTIONAL THERAPY CONSISTS OF 7 PRACTICAL SESSIONS (FREQUENCY – ONCE A WEEK). WHERE WE SHALL TEACH:
1) Correct tongue position at rest, and when chewing, swallowing and sleeping.
2) How to train and maintain the pharyngeal muscles effectively for correct swallowing.
3) How to train and maintain correct lip seal properly.
4) How to breathe properly and keep the diaphragm muscles in shape.
5) How to train the tongue muscles properly.
6) How to learn to sleep and live with the mouth closed.
BEFORE INITIATING A COURSE OF MYOFUNCTIONAL THERAPY, AN ORTHODONTIC CONSULTATION IS MANDATORY. THIS CONSULTATION IS HELD FOR REVEALING CONTRAINDICATIONS.
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